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Stephen D. Benning
Expertise: Clinical psychology, Psychopathy, Emotion, Personality
Stephen Benning's research focuses on the personality disorder of psychopathy. He explains psychopathy as the combinations of two extremes of normal-range personality traits, not as a separate category of monstrous people who are completely different from everyone else. The part of psychopathy he calls fearless dominance captures the charm, anxiety-free, and thrill-seeking features of psychopathy that make individuals with psychopathic traits seem so interesting. Impulsive antisociality is the part that is responsible for the aggression, lack of planfulness, and mistrust of others that causes so many behavioral and social problems in this disorder.
Additionally, Benning researches basic emotional processes using biological measures. To measure positive emotions, he developed the postauricular reflex to assess wanting, liking, and reward-learning across a number of psychological disorders (including psychopathy). He uses the startle-blink reflex to measure negative emotions, particularly those related to protecting one's self from physical threat. These two measures are unrelated to each other, suggesting that positive and negative emotions arise from fundamentally separate systems instead of a single pleasant-unpleasant dimension of emotional experience.
His interests in psychopathy and positive emotion, led to further investigation of how basic emotional processes and personality traits affect the willingness of people to take risks. His lab has developed a computerized task to assess how willing people are to continue in physically risky activities. Performance in this task is related to how risky people perceive various kinds of behavior to be, suggesting that it may tap a basic preference for risk independent of how often people actually do risky things.
- Ph.D., Clinical Science and Psychopathology Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
- M.A., Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
- B.A., Psychology, Biology, and Religious Studies, Rice University
Stephen D. Benning In The News
The thought of another mass tragedy affecting Las Vegas is almost too much to bear, but a masked gunman scare at a local mall renewed fears it could happen again.
By the time violence broke out at a white nationalist march and counterdemonstration in August in Charlottesville, Virginia, UNLV senior Robert Gipson II had had enough.
It’s been less than eight weeks since the mass shooting in Las Vegas and the first research on the mental trauma suffered by those at the Route 91 country music festival has been completed.
Someone who didn’t witness a traumatic event or have a loved one who lived through it can’t be diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder under the textbook definition of the mental malady.
Articles Featuring Stephen D. Benning
Study focused on understanding how people are reacting emotionally to the tragedy at the Route 91 country music festival Oct. 1.