Wellness is about more than the absence of illness or stress. It is the holistic integration of physical, mental, and social well-being. Wellness occurs when an individual attains a healthy balance of a number of different biopsychosocial factors.
Among health researchers and practitioners, wellness is widely regarded as a multidimensional construct. Its various domains have been described as physical, intellectual, emotional, occupational, financial, social, environmental, spiritual, and more. Each of these dimensions contributes to our sense of wellness. They intersect and impact one another, growing in prominence or subsiding based on personal circumstances. Neglect of one or more of the dimensions for any length of time may produce adverse effects.
For example, physical and mental health components are so closely linked that problems in one area can impact another. Improving physical health can also benefit psychological health and other wellness domains, and vice versa.
Developing wellness is an individual and intentional process that involves the discovery of effective practices, techniques, and tools for continued growth and integration. There are countless ways to cultivate oneself on the self-directed and self-paced path of wellness and to create harmony across all aspects of one’s life.