Jeremy Bowling (Political Science) recently published, "Signaling Woman and Leader: Navigating the Double Bind as a Foreign Policy Decisionmaker" in The Journal of Women, Politics, and Policy along with co-author Courtney Burns of Bucknell University.
Bowling and Bucknell examine the role that women chief executives, defense ministers, and foreign affairs ministers play in both conflictual and cooperative foreign policies. They asked whether women foreign policy leaders are more likely to enact foreign policy decisions and whether they will be more extreme in their decisions. Past research posits that women leaders face a double-bind. Women must be both a leader and a woman while in office. They argue that this pressure will affect the decisions women make in foreign policy. The finding is that women foreign policy leaders are different from men; they are more active in conflictual foreign policy and have more extreme cooperative foreign policy.