Brian Warren: Applying Community-Oriented Policing as a Method to Counter Far-Right Extremism
Abstract: "Far-right extremism is a growing problem in the United States. Attacks by radical right organizations are increasing and represent a significant portion of all domestic terror incidents. However, current approaches to deal with far-right extremism are failing and require a different approach to address this problem. A potential solution to stymie future attacks would be to shift the way that police departments are conducting their operations. A community-oriented policing (COP) strategy would allow law enforcement to target extremists in a way that fosters positive relationships with communities as well as gain critical intelligence and insight into these radical movements. This paper develops the foundations for future research by examining a foreign COP program that could serve as a model for a U.S.-based COP program. In addition, this paper investigates the costs and benefits of shifting to a COP strategy."
Ashley Schobert: Motherhood Wage Penalty
Abstract: "Women in the United States have made monumental strides in recent decades to increase their participation in both higher education and the workforce. As it currently stands, young women are beginning to acquire bachelor’s degrees and professional degrees at higher rates than men and are entering the labor force at record numbers. Aside from these vast societal shifts, a staggering problem remains as the gender gap in pay fails to effectively close. The persistence of the wage gap can be primarily attributed to one significant factor: having children. The motherhood wage penalty occurs when women experience a drop in earnings and workplace opportunities following the birth of their children. Although many factors contribute to this problem, the predominant cause lies in the disproportionate child-rearing responsibilities women inherit and the subsequent career sacrifices they make. Addressing this problem will require a reform of current policy and a move towards a parental leave system that encourages increased participation among fathers. This paper will examine the extent of the problem, identify its underlying cause, explore the deficiencies of current policy, and conclude with a policy recommendation."
Alondra Regalado: The Battle to Increase Nevada’s Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard; an Insight into RPS Policy Changes
Abstract: "Climate Change Greenhouse gas emissions from industrialized societies have changed the temperature of the earth’s surface, atmosphere, ocean and climate systems. Although scientists have been aware of the effects of greenhouse gas emissions and climate change as early as the 1970’s, world leaders have been slow to react and implement proactive policies. As federal administrations and national leaders abdicate their leadership in mitigating climate change, the responsibility to implement proactive policies now lies with local bodies, such as states, private companies and individuals.
Overview Nevada’s abundant renewable energy resources have made the state a target for the growing renewable energy industry. The development of that industry is constrained and shaped by the policy set in place by state governments. This paper will go over the ongoing battle to increase Nevada’s renewable energy portfolio standard by reviewing the policy’s history, development, implementation and feasibility."
Tanner Castro: The Benefits of a Grant for Police Worn Body Cameras
Abstract: "Police monitoring and accountability are important moral and economic issues within our nation. The problems that surround police accountability serve as the cause of issues regarding high rates of court cases having to deal with police misconduct, the issue of a nature of hostility surrounding police officers, and the social issue of police brutality. In order to help mitigate several of these problems, policy must be constructed in order to increase the rates at which we monitor police officers and hold them accountable.
Monetarily, the courts have a problem of having to deal with cases involving police misconduct. Due to there being a lack of accountability and monitoring of officers, there is a large influx of court cases having to deal with these issues of alleged police misconduct and costing the nation millions of dollars. There is also the social cost of a nature of hostility being fostered towards police officers due to this problem of accountability. Lastly, there is an additional social cost of an increase in police use of force and instances of police brutality because of a lack of police monitoring and accountability. In order to properly ascertain what should be done in order to mitigate these problems, a review of the underpinnings of this policy problem as a whole will first be conducted, followed by a discussion of a policy prescription for this problem of a lack of accountability and monitoring, leading into an analysis of how to implement a policy for this problem along with the possible costs. These analyses will ultimately culminate into the conclusion of what policy should be followed that will produce the most benefits to society."
Miranda Barrie: The #VegasStrong Rallying Cry: How a Hashtag Came to Define a City’s Resilience
Abstract: "The mass shooting that occurred in Las Vegas on October 1, 2017, left a place infamous for its neon lights in complete and total darkness. In a city that projects an image of the ideal adult playground, tragedy peels back the facade built by advertising agencies and tourism authorities. The world, perhaps for the first time, was able to see the people behind the image of a sinful strip. During the hours following the horrific events that occurred the night of October 1st, the Las Vegas community came together to grieve, heal, and find a path forward. Using the rallying cry ‘Vegas Strong’, residents across the valley made clear that the event would serve as a reminder of the strength of the city. This message of resilience was spread across the microblogging platform, Twitter.
This paper will examine the origin of the hashtag ‘#VegasStrong’ on Twitter as well as the rate at which it was shared in the days following the mass shooting. The role of key influencers in the dissemination of the hashtag is explored. Findings from the study suggest that the widespread use of the tag can be attributed in part to several key influencers who shared tweets with ‘#VegasStrong’ from October 2, 2017, until October 7, 2017. Among the top influencers using the hashtag, there is a notable absence of local government agencies and local officials. I argue that these agencies and individual actors can improve their risk and crisis communications strategy through the early adoption and promotion of a single, unifying hashtag."