About the NGM Case Competition
Nevada Gold Mines (NGM) is a joint venture between Barrick and Newmont to create the single largest gold-producing complex in the world. Their mission is to be the world's most valued gold mining business by finding, developing, and owning the best assets, with the best people, to deliver sustainable returns for their owners and partners. NGM has teamed with the Lee Business School and the Department of Accounting in presenting a case competition to provide needed financial assistance to business students at UNLV, enhance public awareness and perceptions of the mining industry in Nevada, and increase students' understanding of career opportunities in the mining industry and with NGM.
Each team in the case competition must consist of four Lee Business School students, including at least two students majoring in accounting and at least one student majoring in another Lee Business School discipline.
Teams will consist of four Lee Business School students. Each team will consist of at least two students majoring in Accounting and at least one student majoring in another Lee Business School discipline. Students that enter the competition must graduate May 2023 or after. Although faculty members are encouraged to promote this competition on campus, NO faculty or other professional assistance is allowed in solving the case.
Each case competition entry will present their solutions and responses to this year’s case. Teams must apply for registration to the competition by responding to the following Qualtrics survey before Friday, September 9 at 3 pm. The survey will request the complete names of all team members, along with their NSHE numbers, academic major and graduate or undergraduate status. When teams are approved they will receive the Ethical Standards of the competition. All teams who apply before the deadline will be notified if their team is approved by Monday, September 12 at 5 pm.
First Round Submissions
Entries must be submitted to email@example.com no later than 9:00 am on Monday, October 17. Each entry must include:
- A signed Ethics Compliance Form for each team member.
- A signed Photo/Video Release Form for each team member.
- A link to the YouTube video that contains your case analysis.
Finalist Selection Process
The top four teams will be announced on Friday, October 21. The four finalist teams will present their case analysis live to judges from Nevada Gold Mines, industry representatives or UNLV representatives. Finalist teams will receive more details on the format of the finals on October 21.
Judging Process - First Round and Finals
Multiple criteria will be used in evaluating the first-round videos and the live presentations in the finals. Judging criteria include technical content, presentation skills, presentation organization, real-world application of ideas, and strength of recommendations and conclusions.
The winners of the NGM Case Competition will receive:
- $14,000 to the 1st place team ($3,500 each team member)
- $10,000 to the 2nd place team ($2,500 each team member)
- $5,000 to the 3rd place team ($1,250 each team member)
- $4,000 to the 4th place team ($1,000 each team member)
Students will prepare a video and post the video to YouTube. The video must be more than 12 minutes and less than 15 minutes and should include the teams’ answers to the four questions below. The video must be unlisted on YouTube. Please visit the Support page for directions to make a video unlisted. Assistance from the UNLV video department is permitted. Teams may practice their presentations with live audiences but cannot receive technical feedback or guidance related to the case solution from faculty or other professionals.
Obtain the 2021 Annual Report, 2022 financial press releases and the Q2-2022 MD&A and Financial Statements. The questions will refer to these items.
- Perform a ratio analysis on Barrick compared to Mining Company 1 and Mining Company 2 as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021. Analyze the following ratios and discuss Barrick’s relative performance. Develop recommendations to improve the ratios.
- Net Margin
- Dividend Payout Ratio
- Debt to Assets
- Review the document “Barrick Selected Risk Factors.” Select three risk factors and discuss a mitigation strategy for the selected risks.
- Review the document “2022 Key Business Developments.” In 2022, Barrick has announced strategic initiatives related to the extension of their credit facility and a performance dividend policy. Discuss each of these initiatives and review the press releases for each activity. What is the strategic rationale for each of these initiatives?
- Review the document “2022 Key Business Developments.” In February 2022, Barrick has announced a board authorization to repurchase up to $1.0 billion of stock over the next year. Discuss the advantages and risks of this program to stockholders, creditors and rating agencies. Provide advice to the Barrick management team on the program. In other words, how much should be spent and at what price? Which ratios might be impacted that are important to stockholders, creditors and rating agencies?
2022 Case Competition Outline
Materials to be Provided to Students:
Nevada Gold Mines Overview
Nevada Gold Mines is a joint venture between Barrick (61.5%) and Newmont (38.5%) that combined our significant assets across Nevada in 2019 to create the single largest gold-producing complex in the world. Nevada Gold Mines is operated by Barrick.
Our mission is to be the world’s most valued gold mining business by finding, developing, and owning the best assets, with the best people, to deliver sustainable returns for our owners and partners.
We live our vision of creating long-term value for all of Nevada by embedding the principles of partnership and sustainability into every decision we make. The profitability of our business and our corporate social responsibility go hand in hand. By supporting our employees, suppliers, and stakeholders — while minimizing the environmental impacts of our operations — we bring sustainable long-term social and economic benefits to Nevada. The foundation of our philosophy is the development of partnerships: be they at the local level with our surrounding communities, Native American Tribes and County authorities; or statewide across Nevada as a whole.
For more information visit www.NevadaGoldMines.com
- Zero Harm Workplace
- Responsible Accountable
- Build a Sustainable Legacy
- Results Driven
- Work-Class People
- Be Honest, Transparent, and Act with Integrity
Barrick Selected Risk Factors
SELECTED RISK FACTORS
Barrick’s performance and its future operations are and may be affected by a wide range of risks. The risks described below are not the only ones facing Barrick. Additional risks not currently known to Barrick, or that Barrick currently deems immaterial, may also impair Barrick’s operations.
Metal price volatility
Barrick’s business is strongly affected by the world market price of gold and copper. If the world market price of gold or copper was to drop and the prices realized by Barrick on gold or copper sales were to decrease significantly and remain at such a level for any substantial period, Barrick’s profitability and cash flow would be negatively affected.
Gold and copper prices have fluctuated widely in recent years. These fluctuations can be material and can occur over short periods of time and are affected by numerous factors, all of which are beyond Barrick’s control. Future production from Barrick’s mining properties is dependent on gold and copper prices that are adequate to make these properties economically viable. During 2021, the gold price ranged from $1,677 per ounce to $1,959 per ounce. The average market price of gold in 2021 was $1,799 per ounce, an all-time annual high and an increase of 2% compared to the 2020 average. Based on current estimates of Barrick’s 2022 gold production and sales, a $100 per ounce increase or decrease from the $1,700 per ounce gold price assumption used to determine guidance will result in an approximately $580 million increase or decrease, as applicable, in the Company’s EBITDA.
A significant portion of Barrick’s business is carried on through subsidiaries, including foreign subsidiaries. Accordingly, any limitation on the transfer of cash or other assets between the parent corporation and such entities, or among such entities, could restrict Barrick’s ability to fund its operations efficiently. Any such limitations, or the perception that such limitations may exist now or in the future, could have an adverse impact on Barrick’s valuation and stock price.
Production and cost estimates
Barrick prepares estimates of future production, total cash costs and capital costs of production for particular operations. No assurance can be given that such estimates will be achieved. Failure to achieve production or cost estimates or material increases in costs could have an adverse impact on Barrick’s future cash flows, profitability, results of operations and financial condition.
Barrick’s actual production and costs may vary from estimates for a variety of reasons, including: actual ore mined varying from estimates of grade, tonnage, dilution and metallurgical and other characteristics; short-term operating factors relating to mineral or ore reserves, such as the need for sequential development of ore bodies and the processing of new or different ore grades; revisions to mine plans; unusual or unexpected ore body formations; risks and hazards associated with mining; natural phenomena, such as inclement weather conditions, water availability, floods, and earthquakes; and unexpected labor shortages or strikes. Costs of production may also be affected by a variety of factors, including: changing waste-to-ore ratios, ore grade metallurgy, labor costs, the cost of commodities, general inflationary pressures and currency exchange rates.
Environmental, health and safety regulations
Barrick’s mining and processing operations and development and exploration activities are subject to extensive laws and regulations governing the protection of the environment, waste disposal, worker safety, mine development, water management and protection of endangered and other special status species. Failure to comply with applicable environmental and health and safety laws and regulations could result in injunctions, fines, suspension or revocation of permits and other penalties. While Barrick strives to achieve full compliance with all such laws and regulations and with its environmental and health and safety permits, there can be no assurance that Barrick will at all times be in full compliance with such requirements. Activities required to achieve full compliance can be costly and involve extended timelines. Failure to comply with such laws, regulations and permits can have serious consequences, including: damage to Barrick’s reputation; stopping Barrick from proceeding with the development of a project; negatively impacting the operation or further development of a mine; or increasing the costs of development or production and litigation or regulatory action against Barrick, and may materially adversely affect Barrick’s business, results of operations or financial condition.
Title to properties
The validity of mining claims, which constitute most of Barrick’s property holdings, can be uncertain, may be contested, and title insurance is generally not available. Each sovereign state is generally the sole authority able to grant mineral property rights, and the ability to ensure that Barrick has obtained secure title to individual mineral properties or mining concessions may be severely constrained. Although Barrick has attempted to acquire satisfactory title to its properties, these properties may be subject to prior unregistered agreements, transfers or claims, including claims made by Indigenous communities, and title may be affected by, among other things, undetected defects (particularly title to undeveloped properties). Any disputes about Barrick’s property holdings or title may have a material adverse impact on Barrick’s cash flows, earnings, results of operations and financial position.
Mining risks and insurance risks
The mining industry is subject to significant risks and hazards, including environmental hazards, industrial accidents, catastrophic equipment failures, unusual or unexpected geological conditions, labor force disruptions, civil strife, unavailability of materials and equipment, weather conditions, pit wall failures, tailings dam failures, rock bursts, cave-ins, flooding, seismic activity and water conditions, most of which are beyond Barrick’s control. Barrick is also exposed to theft or loss of gold bullion, copper cathode or gold/copper concentrate. These risks and hazards could result in: damage to, or destruction of, mineral properties or producing facilities; personal injury or death; environmental damage; delays in mining; and monetary losses and possible legal liability. As a result, production may fall below historic or estimated levels and Barrick may incur significant costs or experience significant delays that could have a material adverse effect on Barrick’s financial performance, liquidity and results of operations.
Barrick maintains insurance to cover some of these risks and hazards. The insurance is maintained in amounts that are believed to be reasonable depending on the circumstances surrounding the identified risk. No assurance can be given that such insurance will continue to be available, or that it will be available at economically feasible premiums, or that Barrick will obtain or maintain such insurance. Barrick’s property, liability and other insurance may not provide sufficient coverage for losses related to these or other risks or hazards. In addition, Barrick does not have coverage for certain environmental losses and other risks, as such coverage cannot be purchased at a commercially reasonable cost. The lack or insufficiency of insurance coverage could adversely affect Barrick’s cash flow and overall profitability.
As a result of the increased usage and the speed and global reach of social media and other web-based tools used to generate, publish and discuss user-generated content and to connect with other users, companies today are at much greater risk of losing control over how they are perceived in the marketplace. Damage to Barrick’s reputation can be the result of the actual or perceived occurrence of any number of events, and could include any negative publicity (for example, with respect to Barrick’s handling of environmental matters or the Company’s dealings with community groups), whether true or not. Barrick places a great emphasis on protecting its image and reputation, but the Company does not ultimately have direct control over how it is perceived by others. Reputation loss may lead to increased challenges in developing and maintaining community relations, decreased investor confidence and an impediment to Barrick’s overall ability to advance its projects, thereby having a material adverse impact on financial performance, cash flows and growth prospects.
Barrick is currently subject to litigation and may be involved in disputes with other parties in the future which may result in litigation. The results of litigation cannot be predicted with certainty. The costs of defending or settling such litigation can be significant. If Barrick is unable to resolve these disputes favorably, it may have a material adverse impact on Barrick’s financial performance, cash flow and results of operations. See “Legal Matters – Legal Proceedings”.
Availability and increased cost of critical parts, equipment and skilled labor
An increase in worldwide demand for critical resources such as input commodities, drilling equipment, tires and skilled labor may cause unanticipated cost increases and delays in delivery times, thereby impacting the Company’s operating costs, capital expenditures and construction and production schedules.
The Company may be affected by global supply chain disruptions
Prolonged disruptions to the procurement of equipment, or the flow of materials, supplies and services to Barrick could have an adverse impact on its operating costs, capital expenditures and construction and production schedules. These disruptions may be the result of macroeconomic matters outside of the Company’s control or ability to mitigate, such as from natural disasters, transportation disruptions, economic instability, and global pandemics, among others. Supply chain impacts may also manifest as rising costs or shortages of certain commodities and labor. See also “Availability and increased cost of critical parts, equipment and skilled labor” and “Diseases and epidemics (such as Covid-19) may adversely impact Barrick’s business".
Price volatility and availability of other commodities
The profitability of Barrick’s business is affected by the market prices of commodities produced as by-products at Barrick’s mines, such as silver, as well as the cost and availability of commodities and critical parts and equipment which are consumed or otherwise used in connection with Barrick’s operations and projects, including, but not limited to, diesel fuel, natural gas, electricity, acid, steel, concrete and cyanide. Prices of such commodities can be subject to volatility, which can be material and can occur over short periods of time, and are affected by factors that are beyond Barrick’s control. An increase in the cost, or decrease in the availability, of construction materials such as steel and concrete may affect the timing and cost of Barrick’s projects. If Barrick’s proceeds from the sale of by-products were to decrease significantly, or the costs of certain commodities consumed or otherwise used in connection with Barrick’s operations and projects were to increase, or their availability to decrease, significantly, and remain at such levels for a substantial period of time, Barrick may determine that it is not economically feasible to continue commercial production at some or all of Barrick’s operations, or the development of some or all of Barrick’s current projects, which could have an adverse impact on Barrick as described under “Metal price volatility” above.
Infrastructure and information technology systems
Barrick’s mining, processing, development and exploration activities depend on adequate infrastructure and dependable information technology systems. Reliable power sources, water supply, roads and other infrastructure are important for Barrick’s operations. Water shortages, power outages, sabotage, community, government or other interference in the maintenance or provision of such infrastructure could adversely affect Barrick’s business, financial condition and results of operations. For example, the Tongon mine in Côte d’Ivoire has historically experienced infrastructure-related operational challenges that have adversely affected its financial performance.
Barrick is also dependent upon information technology systems in the conduct of its operations. The Company could be adversely affected by network disruptions from a variety of sources, including, without limitation, computer viruses, security breaches, cyber-attacks, natural disasters and defects in design. Barrick’s operations also depend on the timely maintenance, upgrade and replacement of networks, equipment information technology systems and software, as well as pre-emptive expenses to mitigate the risk of failure. Any of these or other events could result in information system failures, delays and/or increases in capital expenditures. Given the unpredictability of the timing, nature and scope of information technology disruptions, Barrick could potentially be subject to production downtimes, operational delays, destruction or corruption of data, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s cash flows, competitive position, financial condition or results of operations.
In addition to potentially affecting the price of gold, copper and silver, general inflationary pressures may also affect Barrick’s labor, commodity and other input costs, which could have a materially adverse effect on Barrick’s financial condition, results of operations and capital expenditures for the development of its projects. Over the course of 2021, global inflationary pressures increased driven by supply chain disruptions caused by the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic and related lockdowns. Global energy costs have also increased significantly following the invasion of Ukraine by Russia in February 2022. The Company has been impacted by these inflationary pressures in the form of higher costs for key inputs required for its operations, most notably higher energy costs. The Company has made assumptions around the expected costs of these key inputs, and Barrick’s actual costs in an inflationary environment may differ materially from those assumptions. These inflationary impacts may be felt directly through purchases of diesel and natural gas, as well as through higher transportation costs, and indirectly through higher costs of products which rely on energy as an input cost. See “Metal price volatility”, “Projects”, “Price volatility and availability of other commodities”, “Production and cost estimates” and “Availability and increased cost of critical parts, equipment and skilled labor”.
Liquidity and level of indebtedness
As of December 31, 2021, Barrick had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $5.3 billion and capital leases and total debt of approximately $5.2 billion. Although Barrick has been successful in repaying debt in the past and issuing new debt securities in capital markets transactions, there can be no assurance that it can continue to do so. In addition, Barrick may assume additional debt in future periods or reduce its holdings of cash and cash equivalents in connection with funding future acquisitions, existing operations, capital expenditures, dividends or in pursuing other business opportunities. Barrick’s level of indebtedness could have important consequences for its operations, including:
- Barrick may need to use a large portion of its cash flow to repay principal and pay interest on its debt, which will reduce the amount of funds available to finance its operations and other business activities.
- Barrick’s debt level may limit its ability to pursue other business opportunities, borrow money for operations or capital expenditures in the future or implement its business strategy.
Market price of Barrick’s shares
Securities of mining companies have experienced volatility in the past, at times unrelated to the financial performance or prospects of the companies involved. These factors include macroeconomic developments in North America and internationally, currency fluctuations and market perceptions of the attractiveness of particular industries. The price of Barrick’s common shares is also likely to be affected by short-term changes in gold and copper prices. As a result of these changes, the market price of Barrick’s common shares at any given point in time may not accurately reflect Barrick’s long-term value. Securities class action litigation is also becoming more prevalent and is often brought against companies following periods of volatility in the market price of their securities. Barrick may in the future be the target of similar litigation which could result in substantial defense costs and divert management’s attention and resources.
Currency fluctuations may affect the costs Barrick incurs at its operations and may also affect the value of Barrick’s assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency. As a result, currency fluctuations may affect Barrick’s operating results and cash flows. Gold and copper are each sold throughout the world based principally on the U.S. dollar price, but a portion of Barrick’s operating expenses are incurred in local currencies, such as the Australian dollar, Canadian dollar, Chilean peso, Argentine peso, Dominican peso, Peruvian sol, Papua New Guinea kina, Tanzanian shilling, Zambian kwacha, West African CFA franc and the Congolese franc. Likewise, certain of Barrick’s assets and liabilities are denominated in these same local currencies, such as VAT receivable balances. Appreciation of certain non-U.S. dollar currencies against the U.S. dollar would increase the costs of production at Barrick’s mines, making such mines less profitable. Conversely, depreciation of these local currencies against the U.S. dollar would reduce the value of these local-currency denominated assets and liabilities in U.S. dollar terms. From time to time, Barrick enters into currency hedging contracts to mitigate the impact on operating costs of the appreciation of certain non-U.S. dollar currencies against the U.S. dollar. Barrick may incur an opportunity loss if the U.S. dollar appreciates in value relative to non-U.S. dollar currencies. As of December 31, 2021, Barrick had no foreign currency derivative contracts beyond spot requirements. There can be no assurance that Barrick will enter into foreign currency hedging activities in the future. See “Use of derivatives”.
A significant, prolonged decrease in interest rates could have a material adverse impact on the interest earned on Barrick’s cash balances ($5.3 billion at December 31, 2021). The Company’s interest rate exposure mainly relates to the mark-to-market value of derivative instruments, the carrying value of certain long lived assets and liabilities and to the interest payments on its variable-rate debt ($0.1 billion at December 31, 2021). There can be no assurance that Barrick will continue the hedging activities that it currently undertakes. See “Use of derivatives”.
Use of derivatives
From time to time, Barrick may use certain derivative products to manage the risks associated with gold, copper and silver price volatility, changes in other commodity input prices, interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and energy prices. The use of derivative instruments involves certain inherent risks including: (i) credit risk – the risk that the creditworthiness of a counterparty may adversely affect its ability to perform its payment and other obligations under its agreement with Barrick or adversely affect the financial and other terms the counterparty is able to offer Barrick; (ii) market liquidity risk – the risk that Barrick has entered into a derivative position that cannot be closed out quickly, by either liquidating such derivative instrument or by establishing an offsetting position; and (iii) unrealized mark-to-market risk – the risk that, in respect of certain derivative products, an adverse change in market prices for commodities, currencies or interest rates will result in Barrick incurring an unrealized mark-to-market loss in respect of such derivative products. For a summary of the derivative instruments used in the Company’s currency, interest rate and commodity hedge programs, see Note 25 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. See also “Global financial conditions”.
Barrick’s management team may not be successful in implementing its business strategy
There can be no assurance that Barrick’s management team will be successful in implementing its strategy (including as set out in this Annual Information Form) or that past results will be reproduced going forward. The management team may experience difficulties in effecting key strategic goals such as the growth and investment in tier one assets, tier two assets and strategic assets, the sale of non-core assets or the development of exploration projects. The performance of Barrick’s operations could be adversely affected if Barrick’s management team cannot implement the stated business strategy effectively.
Barrick competes with other mining companies and individuals for mining claims and leases on exploration properties, the acquisition of mining assets and access to water, power and other required infrastructure. This competition may increase Barrick’s cost of acquiring suitable claims, properties and assets, should they become available to Barrick. Barrick also competes with other mining companies to attract and retain key executives and employees. There can be no assurance that Barrick will continue to be able to compete successfully with its competitors in acquiring properties, assets or access to infrastructure or in attracting and retaining skilled and experienced employees.
Barrick depends on its key personnel
Barrick’s success depends significantly on the continued individual and collective contributions of its senior, regional and local management teams. The loss of the services of members of these management teams or the inability to hire and retain experienced replacement management personnel could have a material adverse effect on Barrick’s business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, to implement and manage Barrick’s business and operating strategies effectively, Barrick must maintain a high level of efficiency and performance, continue to enhance its operational and management systems and continue to successfully attract, train, motivate and manage its employees. If Barrick is not successful in these efforts, this may have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations and financial condition. Any departures of key personnel could also be viewed in a negative light by investors and research analysts, which could cause the price of Barrick’s shares to decline.
Barrick’s ability to achieve its future goals and objectives is dependent, in part, on maintaining good relations with its employees and minimizing employee turnover. Work stoppages or other industrial relations events at Barrick’s major capital projects could lead to project delays or increased costs. These risks are more acute in jurisdictions in which strikes are legal, and Barrick’s workforce is highly unionized, such as in Africa. For example in 2018, prior to the Merger, Randgold’s Tongon mine in Cote d’Ivoire experienced an illegal labor action that lasted 53 days. A prolonged labor disruption at any of Barrick’s material properties could have a material adverse impact on its operations as a whole.
Diseases and epidemics (such as Covid-19) may adversely impact Barrick’s business
In March 2020, a novel strain of coronavirus known as Covid-19 was declared a worldwide pandemic by the World Health Organization. The Covid-19 global health pandemic continues and is significantly impacting the global economy and commodity and financial markets. The full extent and impact of the current Covid-19 pandemic is unknown and to date has included extreme volatility in financial markets and commodity prices, a slowdown in economic activity, and has raised the prospect of an extended global recession.
Internal control environment
Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in reports filed with securities regulatory agencies is recorded, processed, summarized and reported on a timely basis and is accumulated and communicated to a company’s management, including its President and Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Barrick has invested resources to document and analyze its system of disclosure controls and its internal control over financial reporting. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance with respect to the reliability of financial reporting and financial statement preparation. See “Internal Control Over Financial Reporting and Disclosure Controls and Procedures”.
Ability to support the carrying value of goodwill and non-current assets
As of December 31, 2021, the carrying value of Barrick’s goodwill was approximately $4.8 billion or 10% of Barrick’s total assets. Goodwill is allocated to each cash generating unit (“CGU”), where CGUs generally represent individual mineral properties. Goodwill is tested annually for impairment in the fourth quarter. In addition, at each reporting period, Barrick assesses whether there is an indication that goodwill is impaired and, if there is such an indication, Barrick tests for goodwill impairment at that time. The test for goodwill impairment involves a comparison of the recoverable amount of an operating segment to its carrying value. A goodwill impairment charge is recognized for any excess of the carrying amount of the operating segment over its recoverable amount.
Non-current assets are tested for impairment when events or changes in circumstances suggest that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable. The impairment test is carried out using the same approach that is used for goodwill.
Key Business Developments
BARRICK GOLD CORP
Credit Facility Extended and Sustainability-Linked Metrics
Established In May 2022, we completed an amendment and restatement of the company’s undrawn $3.0 billion revolving credit facility, including an extension of the termination date by one year to May 2027, replacement of LIBOR with SOFR as the reference rate for floating interest on any US dollar funds drawn (currently zero), and the establishment of sustainability-linked metrics. The sustainability-linked metrics incorporated into the revolving credit facility are made up of annual environmental and social performance targets directly influenced by Barrick’s actions, rather than based on external ratings. The performance targets include Scope 1 and Scope 2 greenhouse gas emissions intensity, water use efficiency (reuse and recycling rates), and Total Recordable Injury Frequency Rate ("TRIFR"). Barrick may incur positive or negative pricing adjustments on drawn credit spreads and standby fees based on its sustainability performance versus the targets that have been set.
Performance Dividend Policy
At the February 15, 2022 meeting, the Board of Directors approved a performance dividend policy that will enhance the return to shareholders when the Company’s liquidity is strong. In addition to our base dividend, the amount of the performance dividend on a quarterly basis will be based on the amount of cash, net of debt, on our consolidated balance sheet at the end of each quarter as per the schedule below. Reflecting this policy, a quarterly dividend payment of $0.20 per share was declared by the Board of Directors at the August 5, 2022 meeting, comprised of a base dividend of $0.10 per share and a performance dividend enhancement of $0.10 per share based on our June 30, 2022 consolidated balance sheet. This follows an equivalent dividend payment of $0.20 per share declared on May 3, 2022 based on the March 31, 2022 consolidated balance sheet. See February 16, 2022 press release for a performance dividend chart.
Share Repurchase Program
At the February 15, 2022 meeting, the Board of Directors authorized a share buyback program for the repurchase of up to $1.0 billion of the Company’s outstanding common shares over the next 12 months. The actual number of common shares that may be purchased, if any, and the timing of any such purchases, will be determined by Barrick based on a number of factors, including the Company’s financial performance, the availability of cash flows, and the consideration of other uses of cash, including capital investment opportunities, returns to shareholders, and debt reduction. The repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any particular number of common shares, and the repurchase program may be suspended or discontinued at any time at the Company’s discretion.