Much of the Earth’s surface is exposed to extreme conditions such as freezing, high temperature and hypersalinity. Organisms living in these regions have developed some remarkable adaptations that not only reveal the beauty of Nature, but also may have commercial applications (e.g., low-calorie ice cream) as well as provide clues to the presence of life in other worlds.
- Adaptations to cold environments
- Snow algae
- Ice-binding proteins
- Horizontal gene transfer
- Glycerol metabolism