Frequently Asked Questions and Help

Will students still benefit if my transparent assignments don’t follow the Transparent Assignment Template exactly?

Yes! The Template is the visual artifact from communications between teachers and students in our study. We used it as a guide to help teachers and students think together — either online or in the classroom — about the purposes, tasks and criteria for academic work. Use it as a guide. As long as your communication with students results in their clear understanding of the purposes, tasks and criteria for their work before they start working, you can expect to see the kind of learning benefits we found in our study.

What if I don’t want to give students information about how to do the work before they do it? What if my goal is for the students to figure out how to do it on their own?

Some faculty in our studies wanted to avoid limiting students’ creativity by providing recommended procedures for approaching or completing the work. Faculty in Performing Arts and Engineering disciplines, for example, may sometimes want to students to invent new processes and methods. In such cases, faculty can preserve students’ confidence and sense of belonging by adapting the way they explain the purpose of the assignment. For example: “The purpose of this assignment is for you to struggle and feel confused while you invent your own process and methods for addressing the problem…”

How will I know if I’m offering transparent instruction exactly like teachers in your study did?

If you incorporate transparent instruction at your own discretion, then you’ll be doing what the teachers in our study did. We asked teachers to offer transparency around the purposes, tasks and criteria for academic work in their courses in their own way at their own discretion. We offered a Transparent Assignment Template and a small amount of training via onsite and online workshops. We intentionally avoided rigid protocols for how to adopt transparency in your instruction for two main reasons: 1) we expected variation; and 2) we wanted to demonstrate what teachers in a variety of higher education contexts around the country could expect if they adopted Transparent Assignment Design at their own discretion with the goal of improving students’ learning and increasing equitable opportunities for all students to succeed.

Is there variation in the effectiveness of Transparent Assignment Design across disciplines or levels of expertise? For example, do introductory-level courses see greater benefits? Do STEM students and Humanities students experience similar benefits?

Transparent instruction seems to benefit students across the disciplines and at all levels of expertise. There are, of course, some variations and our preliminary work on that can be viewed. But the variations weren’t always what we expected. For example, students in STEM courses felt the courses helped them improve their writing skills significantly, while students in large courses felt strongly that their instructors valued them and their interests. We expected some of the greatest potential long-term benefits (on retention and graduate rates) would come from offering Transparent Assignment Design in introductory and intermediate-level courses, so we focused our main efforts there first. We continue to test other ways to offer transparent instruction.

Is there live online help or a self-guided online tutorial I can use?

A self-guided draft checklist you can help us to test, a checklist developed at the University of Houston, Downtown and a tool that measures the amount of transparency in an assignment.

Please send your own examples and suggestion to Additional online resources will soon be offered through the following organizations:

What other ways can I offer transparent instruction, in addition to assignment design?

We are testing the impact of various ways of offering transparent instruction. We focused heavily on Transparent Assignment Design at the introductory and intermediate college levels, because we expected that would have the biggest possible benefit on college students’ retention and graduation rates, and their continued success in careers and/or post-graduate study. Read about some preliminary findings about the impact of other types of transparent instruction that we are testing.

I’m interested in joining TILT Higher Ed and contributing to your research on equitable opportunities for all college students’ success.

We welcome your participation. There are several ways to get involved:

  1. Sign up to join the project as an individual instructor, choose to join the control group or the intervention group, and receive a confidential instructor’s report on your students’ learning;
  2. Organize a group of faculty/instructors from your institution who share a common institutional goal, and join TILT Higher Ed as a team. Contact
  3. Inquire about joining our team of researchers if you’d like to help us study the data we are gathering, and contribute to co-publications. Contact

Please contact Mary-Ann Winkelmes ( with additional questions or suggestions.