Tribal

Tribal Sports Betting

Tribal Gaming Map

In 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the federal Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, allowing individual states to legalize sports betting. Many states have done so. In a number of those states, American Indian tribes own and operate casinos. Under the federal Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), sports wagering is a Class III game, requiring an approved tribal-state compact before a tribe may operate a sports book on Indian lands. Tribes may also operate sports betting outside of Indian lands in compliance with applicable state law. A growing number of tribes have opened sports books or are considering adding sports betting to their casino operations, either under existing compact provisions or following the negotiation of amended compacts, or in accordance with state law.

This map above identifies the 29 states with tribal gaming operations under IGRA. It also indicates in which of those 29 states tribal casino sports books are either operational or authorized. In progress is capsule information on a state-by-state basis, including whether tribes are operating sports betting under IGRA or state law, and whether tribal sports books include mobile wagering. 

The data and information provided are current as of June 30, 2021. Source authorities include tribal- state compacts, state and tribal law, and publicly available information from regulatory agencies and tribal gaming operations.

States and Gaming Operations
States with Tribal Gaming Operations States with Authorized and/or Operational Tribal Sports Betting States with No Tribal Sports Betting Operations

Alabama*
Alaska*
Arizona
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Idaho
Indiana
Iowa
Florida
Kansas
Louisiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Montana
Nebraska*
Nevada
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Dakota
Texas*
Washington
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Arizona
Colorado
Connecticut
Indiana
Iowa
Florida
Michigan
Mississippi
Montana
Nevada
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
Oregon
Washington
Wisconsin

Arkansas
Delaware
Georgia
Hawaii
Illinois
Kentucky
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington, DC
West Virginia

*Class II Gaming Only

Additional Notes

New York: The seven tribal casinos located in New York state all operate retail sports books. In 2021, New York authorized mobile sports betting. Under the new law, the server must be physically located on the premises of one of the state’s commercial casinos. The law allows for tribes to partner with a commercial casino, either through a revenue-sharing arrangement with the tribe (operators who enter into such agreements will have an advantage in competing for a license) or to locate the tribe’s server on the casino’s premises. Tribes also are eligible to seek an operator license under state law (that is, as a commercial gaming operator).

Nevada: Two tribal casinos located in Nevada operate sports books: the Wa She Shu Casino & Travel Plaza (in partnership with the Atlantis Casino Resort Spa in Reno) and the Avi Resort & Casino (William Hill Race & Sports Book, including mobile app). Under the tribal-state gaming compacts, tribes are authorized to operate all Class III games that are legal in the state.

Mississippi: Tribal casinos in Mississippi were the first to launch sports books following the U.S. Supreme Court’s 2018 decision in Murphy v. NCAA. The tribal-state gaming compacts permit the tribes to operate sports betting to the same extent as it is legal for non-tribal operators in Mississippi. This includes the ability to offer mobile wagering on the casino’s property.