Dual Degree: Doctor of Philosophy - Educational Psychology & Juris Doctor

Learning Objectives

Juris Doctor

Problem Solving
Identifying and diagnosing a problem, generating alternative solutions and strategies, developing a plan of action, implementing the plan, and keeping the planning process open to new information and ideas.
Legal Analysis and Reasoning
Identifying legal issues, formulating legal theories, elaborating and enhancing the theories, and evaluating and criticizing the theories.
Legal Research
Working knowledge of the nature of legal rules and legal institutions, the fundamental tools of legal research, and the process of devising and implementing a coherent and effective research design.
Factual Investigation
Familiarity with the skills, concepts, and processes involved in determining whether factual investigation is needed, planning an investigation, implementing an investigative strategy, organizing information in an accessible form, deciding whether to conclude the investigation, and evaluating the information that has been gathered.
Communication designed to advocate or persuade; to advise or inform; to elicit information; and to establish legal obligations or effectuate legal transactions.
Familiarity with the skills, concepts, and processes involved in establishing a proper counseling relationship with a client, gathering information relevant to the decision to be made by the client, analyzing the decision to be made by the client, counseling the client about the decision, and implementing the client’s decision.
Familiarity with the skills, concepts, and processes involved in preparing for a negotiation, conducting a negotiation, counseling a client about the terms obtained from the other side in a negotiation, and implementing the client’s decision.
Litigation and Alternative Dispute Resolution Procedures
Understanding of the potential functions and consequences of these courses of action in relation to the client’s situation and objectives; working knowledge of the fundamentals of trial- court litigation, appellate litigation, advocacy in administrative and executive forums, and alternative dispute resolution.
Organization and Management of Legal Work
Familiarity with the skills, concepts, and processes required for efficient management, including appropriate allocation of time, effort and resources; timely performance and completion of work; cooperation among co-workers; and orderly administration of the office.
Recognizing and Resolving Ethical Dilemmas
Familiarity with the skills, concepts, and processes necessary to recognize and resolve ethical dilemmas.

Ph.D. Program in Educational Psychology

Learning Theory
Understand and be able to analyze key theories related to learning, cognition, and development.
Literature Critique
Be able to critically evaluate research studies based on each study’s (a) methodology, (b) literature support, & (c) significance.
Research Design & Methods: Quantitative
(a) Understand and use advanced statistical research methods (including computertechnology for the analysis of data); (b) understand the role of causation in science and the threats to causal inference posed by invalid research design and methodology.
Research Design & Methods: Qualitative & Mixed
Understand (a) qualitative approaches to exploring phenomena related to educational and other social contexts, (b) the theoretical and practical considerations of conducting and interpreting case studies, ethnographies, participant observations, narrative reports, and design-based research, and (c) criteria for establishing goodness of qualitative studies.
Human Measurement
Be able to develop plans for test construction, item and test specification, item writing and selection, test preparation and administration, test and item analysis, item and test revision to enhance reliability and validity, and various methods for validating tests, such as factor analysis, item response theory, and current issues in measurement.
Professional Research Skills
Be able to serve as independent scholars who (a) can design, (b) implement, (c) and prepare reports of research studies, and (b) make significant contributions to the discipline of educational psychology.
Professional Identity and Community
(a) Develop a professional identity consistent with the specialization strand, (b) actively contribute to the profession, and (c) understand aspects of ethical and professional functioning in the chosen domain.
Specialization Strand Theory
Understand and be able to analyze key theories related to the selected specialization strand.
Specialization Strand Application
Understand how to implement evidence-based intervention strategies and/or design and modify learning environments to promote more effective learning.


Graduates of the law school typically work as attorneys. A law degree is a prerequisite for admission to the bar in most states, and bar admission is required to engage in the practice of law. Law school graduates work in private law firms, business, government, nonprofit, and academic settings.