History: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
On Nov. 16, 1990, Congress enacted the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA; PL 101-601; 25 USC 3001-30013) for the purpose of protecting Native American burial sites and to regulate the removal of human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural patrimony located on federal, Indian, and native Hawaiian lands. NAGPRA provides a process for the return, upon request, of certain cultural objects to Native Americans, makes illegal the trafficking of those objects, and sets forth procedures for the control of their excavation. Museums receiving federal funds are required to comply with NAGPRA. The UNLV Marjorie Barrick Museum of Art receives federal funds; therefore, museum collections are subject to NAGPRA. The museum complies with the federal law to meet legal requirements.